Another big factor in each equation for ultimately deciding who pays what to whom: which parent has custody and for how much time? A grim calculus can lead some parents to abandon a child if they believe they're paying too much. Health insurance is one of the most common non-cash items covered in child support orders. Political leaning also fails to provide an explanation for the variation in support. This represents a decrease from the 42.2% who requested help in 1992.

She warned: "If you're moving to another state, get some legal advice.". Today, much of the debate around child support concentrates on finding an amount that provides for the child without leaving the paying parent destitute. Since it doesn't offer data at the state level, some states have adjusted its data to try to match their cost of living.

Child support due nationally totals $37.9 billion; 62.3% of that amount was paid on time, averaging $3,770 per year per parent who was due child support 56.7% of custodial parents received non-cash support from the non-custodial parent; most often, items included birthday gifts, clothing, food, child care expenses, summer camp fees and medical expenses

Virginia has a comparable cost of living (12th highest in the U.S.), yet awards the least support.

The mother has 65 percent of parenting time (the most common timeshare awarded to a U.S. mother, according to previous research).

At the same time, they don't want to set a payment so high that the parent can't afford it. Child support is $100 more in states that don't consider a mother's income. Market data provided by ICE Data Services. Live Updates: Trump and Biden pause to mark Veterans Day, Georgia secretary of state announces hand recount of presidential race, Biden plans sweeping reversal of Trump's immigration agenda, UPS allows its employees to wear their natural Black hairstyles, Japanese official slams Trump "dictatorship," deletes tweet, Eta weakens to tropical storm as Florida braces for second hit, Texas Lt. If you earn $8,550 a month or more and you’re likely to be paying child support, speak with an attorney because the regular child support percentages … With divorce rates in the United States at historically high levels, more and more fathers are dealing with child support payments and orders. Most states have overhauled their child support formulas significantly as American families have changed. New England awards the most; at $928 a month, its average is 67 percent higher than that of the Rocky Mountain region. And relocating several hundred miles south to Virginia could reduce that support payment by almost two-thirds. Many parents don't get child support they're ... What's the status of a second $1,200 stimulus check?

It also takes into account that the mother spends more of her time, energy and money on child care than the "noncustodial" father, 65% vs. 35%, respectively. Nationally, he would pay an average of $721 monthly. 1 child 2 children 3 children 4 children 5+ children; 17% of gross income: 25% of gross income: 29% of gross income: 31% of gross income : 34% of gross income: View the WI Shared Placement Worksheet. This is because they don't consider that the hypothetical parents have similar income levels. The study does not utilize any data from Custody X Change users. According to the study, the Northeast region ranks higher, while Rocky Mountain states rate the lowest. A study conducted by Custody X Change, which offers a web app to help parents with custody agreements, shows that moving the 28 miles from North Adams, Massachusetts, to Bennington, Vermont, could lessen your child support payments from $1,187 to $519 per month. ". 43.5% of custodial mothers were divorced or separated; 37.1% had, 39.1% of custodial mothers are over 40 years of age, up from 25% in 1994, 24% of custodial mothers are under age 30, down from 30.9% in 1994, 47.8% of custodial parents are non-Hispanic White, 27.5% were Black and 21.4% were Hispanic, 45.3% of custodial mothers have two or more children living with them and 33.7% of custodial fathers have two or more children in their custody, Just under 50% of all custodial parents have a formal order or agreement specifying child support amounts and timing, 53.4% of mothers have such agreements, but only 28.8% of custodial fathers do, 89.2% of all parents who were due child support payments were mothers, Only 62.3% of all child support due was actually received by the custodial parent during 2010, 43.4% of custodial parents due child support received all the child support they were due, 30.7% of these custodial parents received part but not all of the child support payments they were ordered to receive, 25.9% of custodial parents were due child support payments during the year and received none of those payments, The average child support payment due to a custodial parent during 2011 was $6,050 per year or just over $500 per month, The average child support payments constituted 16% of a custodial parent's income over a year's time, For those custodial parents who were below the poverty line, child support payments constituted 66.7% of their median income. Copyright © 2020 CBS Interactive Inc. All rights reserved. Child support is money paid by the non-primary parent to the other primary parent to pay for the children’s expenses. News provided by The Associated Press. That's especially likely when the parent is self-employed, said the ABA's Avery. Researchers entered this information into each state's child support formula to discover that the father's payment could range from $402 a month to $1,187 a month. States are supposed to review guidelines every four years, but three -- Mississippi, North Dakota and Texas -- still don't compute mothers' income into their calculations.

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The most common source is the Consumer Expenditure Survey from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

The state raised parents' net available resources for use in child support calculations from $7,500 to $8,550. Download high resolution graph: PNG | JPG Use image with attribution. In addition, they were often based on the presumption that parents had at one point been married to each other. Guidelines once assumed mothers worked less than fathers, if at all. "We hope this data furthers dialogue about how to determine the right support for each family." "Common sense is that child support should be tied to the cost of living," said Melissa Avery, chair of the American Bar Association's family law section. Legal Statement. June 10, 2019 — The size of your child support payment depends heavily on where you live, according to research from Custody X Change. *States that round to the same whole number are ranked based on their decimals. She makes $45,000 a year, while the father makes $55,000 (based on data about typical parental incomes from Pew Research Center). When a Virginia parent would pay $400 a month in child support, a Massachusetts parent in the same situation would pay nearly $1,200, per state guidelines. If you're a divorced mother residing in Massachusetts with children 7- and 10-years old, don't move to Vermont. A parent can pay three times as much as one who lives in a state just six hours away, despite their circumstances being otherwise equal. Your child support payments could be cut in half. Custody X Change is software that creates professional parenting plan documents and parenting schedules.

In some cases, parents can decide together how much support will be exchanged. 42.9% of all custodial parents received some sort of public assistance in 2010. June 18, 2019 / 1:26 PM

The varying yardsticks create some surprising results.

"States don't want to set a payment too low, leaving a child's needs unmet.

Whereas these states award the family an average of $813 monthly, the other 46 states award $713 on average. The federal government requires every state to develop child support guidelines, which help courts determine the appropriate award in any case. We hope this data furthers dialogue about how to determine the right support for each family.". The study looks at a hypothetical family with two children, ages 7 and 10. Child support is $100 more in states that don't consider a mother's income. Based on a recent Pew study, that total income seems a bit high in comparison to Census data from 2015, which showed the average two-earner family brought home about $56,000. Another term often used to describe the primary parent is the “custodial” parent.

-Ben Coltrin, Custody X Change President. The percentage that the noncustodial parent contributes to the total combined income is the same percentage of the New York child support payment they are responsible for.